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CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0 Introduction
The term online in regards to computer technology and communication means that
the computer is connected to a network. In a network, computers are allowed to share
resources such as hardware, software, data and information. The access to the
resources on the network is controlled by a server. (Shelly, Cashman, Vermaat,
2006). The term online system refers to a computer system which allows online users
to transmit and receive information (Publishing Dictionary, 2011).
Nowadays, an online system plays a major role in almost all organizations. One
major advantage of using an online system is it provides a convenient way of doing
things at anytime and anywhere as long as there is an Internet connection.
Today’s university system has an increasing need for an efficient, reliable and
accessible computerized system that will manage information. Hence the need for
computerized system cannot be over emphasized.
1.1 AIM
The project work is aimed at providing a functional web application for the
department where students can get news about past, present and future events
ongoing within the department.
The proposed system will undertake the dissemination of information within the
department of Computer science and Information Technology.
1.2 Objectives of the Study
The project work is aimed at creating an up-to-date computerized online news portal
system where students in computer science and information technology can get news
about past, present and future events ongoing in the department.
The following are the objectives of the study:
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1) Provide Information: Online news portal give information about every fieldpolitical,
social, sports, education, science, entertainment etc to the public.
2) Educate People: Online news portals not only provide information but also educate
people about the social & political structure. People come to know about the
upcoming challenges and learn how to combat the circumstances.
3) Instant & Latest News: Online news portals made latest news only a single click
away. People can get a minute update across the globe only by a single click.
4) News per Interest: People have their own interest. Some might be have interest in
politics while others can have interest in sports or entertainment. Web media does not
work on bullet theory. People have ample of options to choose from. They can read
news as per their interest.
5) Easily Accessible: Online news portals are easily accessible. Today 66 per cent of
people have smart phones and they access internet on their smart phones only. People
can get updated with the latest updates anywhere they go.
6) Live Coverage of Sports: Online news portals provide live coverage of sports. News
portals do not let disappoint fans of any sports no matter whether it is cricket match or
a tennis tournament. Fans can get updated with the scores while they are at work.
7) Easy Feedback Receiver: It is a big task for traditional media to collect feedback
from their readers or viewers. But for web media, it is not a hard nut to crack. News
portals can get feedback from their viewers by comment option. Even news website
can get comment on their every news. It is a two way communication. People can
easily send their views and feedback.
8) Minute to Minute coverage of any breaking news: News websites do minute to
minute coverage of breaking news. It is not possible for people to wait for next
morning for news or sit all time in front of television to watch breaking news. Web
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media has broken all these barriers. People can get news on their mobile anywhere
they go.
9) Pictures of news events: People can watch exclusive pictures of news events.
More generally, a portal, often called portal software, is a Web-based application
that brings audience, application, systems and processes together to form a
centralized collaboration experience. Portal software integrates technologies to build
personalized work areas and communities to increase productivity for users. Portal
software is built for corporate intranets, extranets, communities, Web sites, and
projects, just to name a few. Depending on the kind of business needs and the portal
software, one can expect to gain several benefits from using portal software in any
environment. Some of the benefits are (Chozam, 2006):
 Efficiently deliver information to the audience.
 Increase productivity for the end user.
 Provides customizable features and development tools.
 Increase interaction between customers and employees.
 Personalized environments for end users.
 Integration of external applications and services by port lets.
1.3 Significance of the Study
Below are the significances of the project:
 Professionally publishes and manages an online news publication quickly and easily
 Full-featured and ready to go today – right “off-the-shelf”
 Low Total Cost of Ownership – Low startup& training costs with continuing low
operating costs
 A versatile content management tool that can be used to publish a wide variety of
information, such as online newspapers, press releases, reports and papers,
dissertations, etc.
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 A portal provides Internet users with a single,customized entry point to networkbased
campus. In the higher-education context, the portalsof most interest are
horizontal, that is, they are designed to offer access to almost everything that an
individual user associated with thecampus needs to manage his or her relationship
with the University. These users can include students, faculty, staff, parents,
prospectivestudents, alumni, and members of the community at large.
1.4 Scope of the Study
The scope of this project work focuses majorly on online news portal, using Kebbi
state university of science and Technology Aliero, (Computer Science and
Information Technology Department) as a case study.
1.5` Limitation of the Study
This project work just like every software development process has its own
limitations. The following factors posed serious limitation to the project work:
Financial constraints: a study like this nature is expected to be carried out on a
broader base but because of lack of funds required, some function and programs
could not be applied.
Time constraint: in the course of the study, time posed a serious problem in carrying
out the test. The duration given for the conduct of this study was short.
Non-availability of materials: during the course of this research, there were nonavailability
of some critical documents and materials as a result of limited internet
services.
1.6 Analysis of Chapters
This report was prepared to give comprehensive details of the research work I
acquire during the compilation of this project work.
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The project work is based on five chapters of study.
Chapter One covers the area of introduction to the project work, limitation of
the study, scope of the study, significance of the study,and objectives of the study.
Chapter Two deals with the literature review about the project work, some of
which includes the information system in the academic system, discussion on data
and information, the information system and overview of database and those that
have contributed the area of the study.
Chapter Three deals with the methodology used in the research work
containing data collection methods. It covers the analysis of both existing and the new
system in view, pointing out some problems encountered in the existing system. It
also discusses the advantage and disadvantage of the new system.
Chapter Four is concerned with the system design and implementation. This
covers the input and output specifications of the work, choice of programming
language used in developing the application, the software testing, integration and
implementation, the system requirements for compatible use of the software and
finally how the software can be used.
Chapter Five of the project work deals with the summary, conclusion and
recommendation of the study.

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